Judicial mediation in employment tribunals

The role of judicial mediation in employment tribunals

Judicial mediation offers a cost- and time-effective resolution within employment tribunals. In navigating the intricate landscape of employment disputes, the traditional adversarial path often leaves both employers and employees weary and financially strained. Recognising this, judicial mediation is a fresh, alternative approach that fosters collaboration and efficiency.

Written by employment law expert, Dipo Osikoya, this article explores the concept of judicial mediation and the significant benefits it brings to the resolution of employment disputes. 

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What is judicial mediation?

Judicial mediation brings parties together for a private preliminary hearing with a neutral Employment Judge. Unlike a traditional court setting, the judge facilitates communication between the parties, guiding them toward a mutually agreeable resolution, and offering a more collaborative approach to dispute resolution.

Employment tribunals increasingly embrace this alternative dispute resolution method to address conflicts in a more time-sensitive and cost-effective manner.

What happens at the judicial mediation meeting?

During the judicial mediation meeting, commonly known as the mediation day, both parties—referred to as the claimant and the respondent—come together along with their representatives or solicitors. The claimant, who initiates the claim, and the respondent, against whom the claim is made, must attend or be represented.

Typically, each party is accompanied by their solicitors, ensuring legal guidance throughout the process. However, if a party doesn’t have legal representation, they are allowed to bring a supportive individual, such as a friend or colleague.

At the outset of the meeting, the employment tribunal judge orchestrates the proceedings by meeting with both parties. This initial interaction sets the stage for developing settlement negotiations. 

What is the judicial mediation process?

Delving into further detail about what unfolds on the day of the mediation, here, we explore the intricacies of the judicial mediation process. The process typically follows these key steps:

  1. Introduction and opening statements: The mediator introduces themselves and outlines the mediation process. Each party then has the opportunity to make an opening statement, highlighting their perspective on the dispute.
  2. Information gathering and issue identification: The mediator gathers information from both parties to understand the underlying issues and interests involved in the dispute. This may involve reviewing relevant documents and listening to the parties’ explanations.
  3. Private caucus sessions: The mediator meets privately with each party to explore their positions, concerns, and potential solutions in confidence. These sessions allow for candid discussions and help the mediator identify areas of common ground and areas needing further negotiation.
  4. Negotiation and problem-solving: The mediator facilitates negotiations between the parties, helping them generate options for resolution and overcoming impasses. This phase may involve brainstorming creative solutions and evaluating the feasibility of proposed agreements.
  5. Drafting the settlement agreement: If an agreement is reached, the mediator assists the parties in drafting a settlement agreement that outlines the terms and conditions of the resolution. The agreement is then reviewed and signed by all parties involved.
  6. Closure and follow-up: Once an agreement is reached and signed, the mediation process concludes. The mediator may provide guidance on implementing the agreement and address any follow-up actions needed to ensure compliance.

The benefits of judicial mediation in employment tribunals

Employment disputes can often be emotionally and financially draining, with traditional adversarial approaches leading to prolonged legal battles and strained relationships. However, the emergence of judicial mediation offers a beacon of hope for parties involved in such conflicts. 

By providing a structured and collaborative framework for resolving disputes, judicial mediation brings forth a myriad of benefits to the employment tribunal process. Here are some of the benefits of judicial mediation in employment tribunals:

Cost-effective resolution

One of the primary advantages of judicial mediation is its cost-effectiveness. Lengthy legal battles can result in substantial financial burdens for both parties involved. Mediation reduces legal expenses by streamlining the dispute resolution process, minimising the need for protracted court proceedings. This cost efficiency allows both employers and employees to redirect resources toward more productive endeavours.

Time savings

Employment tribunals are notorious for their time-consuming nature. Cases can linger for months, or even years, causing stress and uncertainty for all parties. Judicial mediation expedites the resolution process, offering a quicker alternative to traditional litigation. The timely resolution allows individuals to move forward with their lives and careers without the prolonged anxiety associated with unresolved disputes.

Preservation of relationships

Traditional legal battles often result in heightened animosity between disputing parties. In contrast, judicial mediation fosters open communication and collaboration. The mediator helps participants explore common ground and understand each other’s perspectives, preserving relationships that may otherwise be irreparably damaged through a combative legal process. This is particularly crucial in employment settings where ongoing relationships may be necessary for future collaboration or references.

Tailored solutions

Mediation allows for more creative and flexible solutions that meet the unique needs of both parties. Unlike court-imposed decisions that may be perceived as winners and losers, mediation empowers individuals to actively participate in shaping the terms of their resolution. This collaborative approach often results in more sustainable and satisfying outcomes for all involved.


Another notable advantage of judicial mediation is the confidentiality it provides. While court proceedings are typically matters of public record, mediation discussions remain private. This confidentiality fosters a safe environment for open dialogue and encourages parties to explore potential solutions without fear of public scrutiny.

What sort of cases might be suitable for judicial mediation?

Judicial mediation is particularly suitable for a wide range of employment-related disputes that may arise within the context of an employment tribunal. These may include:

  • Unfair dismissal claims: Cases where employees believe they have been unfairly dismissed by their employer.
  • Discrimination claims: Disputes involving allegations of discrimination based on protected characteristics such as race, gender, disability, or age.
  • Breach of contract claims: Disputes arising from alleged breaches of employment contracts, including issues related to pay, working conditions, or contractual obligations.
  • Harassment or bullying claims: Cases involving allegations of harassment or bullying in the workplace, which can create toxic work environments and lead to legal action.
  • Whistleblowing claims: Disputes where employees claim to have suffered retaliation or victimisation for whistleblowing activities, such as reporting misconduct or illegal activities within the organisation.

In essence, any dispute that can be legally addressed within the framework of employment law and falls within the jurisdiction of an employment tribunal may be suitable for judicial mediation.

What are the differences between judicial mediation and a preliminary hearing?

While both judicial mediation and preliminary hearings are procedural steps within the employment tribunal process, they serve distinct purposes and involve different procedures.

Judicial mediation is a voluntary process aimed at facilitating settlement negotiations between parties with the assistance of a neutral mediator, often a judge. The focus is on reaching a mutually agreeable resolution through open communication and negotiation. Parties have the opportunity to actively participate in shaping the terms of the settlement agreement.

In contrast, a preliminary hearing is a mandatory procedural step where an employment judge considers various aspects of the case to ensure readiness for a full hearing. The focus here lies on procedural matters, such as clarifying legal issues, identifying key facts, and determining the scope of the hearing. During a preliminary hearing, the judge may make rulings or directions regarding evidence, witnesses, or legal arguments to streamline the upcoming hearing process.

Top tips for securing settlement at a judicial mediation

Securing judicial mediation employment tribunal settlements can often be a challenging task, requiring careful preparation, effective communication, and a willingness to negotiate. However, with the right approach and strategies in place, parties involved in employment disputes can significantly increase their chances of reaching a favourable resolution. Here are our top tips for securing a judicial mediation settlement: 

  1. Prepare thoroughly: Before the mediation session, gather all relevant documents, evidence, and legal arguments to support your position. Understanding your case strengths and weaknesses will help you negotiate effectively.
  2. Be open to compromise: Approach mediation with a willingness to compromise and explore creative solutions. Be prepared to listen to the other party’s perspective and consider alternative proposals that may meet both parties’ interests.
  3. Focus on interests, not positions: Instead of fixating on specific demands, focus on underlying interests and priorities. Identify common goals or concerns that both parties share and work towards solutions that address those interests.
  4. Maintain professionalism: Maintain a professional demeanour throughout the mediation process, even in the face of disagreements or tensions. Avoid personal attacks and focus on constructive dialogue aimed at reaching a resolution.
  5. Use the mediator effectively: Utilise the mediator’s expertise and guidance to facilitate productive communication and negotiation. Be open to their suggestions and actively engage in the mediation process to maximise the chances of reaching a settlement.
  6. Consider the long-term implications: Evaluate proposed settlement terms not only in terms of immediate benefits but also their long-term implications. Consider factors such as future working relationships, reputational concerns, and potential costs of continued litigation.

If you’re unsure about securing a settlement or need assistance tailored to your organisation’s distinct needs, our expert solicitors for employers can help ensure a smooth resolution process. Speak to our team today for personalised guidance and support.

How we can help

Judicial mediation in employment tribunals stands as a beacon of hope for those seeking a more efficient, cost-effective, and relationship-preserving approach to dispute resolution. By addressing the unique challenges posed by employment conflicts, judicial mediation not only benefits the individuals involved but also contributes to a more harmonious and productive workplace culture.

If you’re navigating an employment dispute and seeking guidance through the judicial mediation process, our team is here to help. With our extensive experience and dedication to client success, we can provide tailored support to ensure a smooth and effective resolution. 

Reach out to us at Richard Nelson LLP today to explore how we can assist you on your journey towards a favourable outcome.


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